Guglielmo Marconi sends radio-wave signals Important disclaimer information about this About site. The 16th century begins with the Julian year 1501 and ends with either the Julian or the Gregorian year 1600 (depending on the reckoning used; the Gregorian calendar introduced a lapse of 10 days in October 1582).. Discover in a free daily email today's famoushistory and birthdays You can see that in our mini chronology of Bipolar Red Flags The Columbian Exchange introduces many plants, animals and diseases to the Old and New Worlds. A Dutch spectacle maker named Zacharias Janssen makes the first compound microscope. Italian Giovanni Caselli develops a mechanical The 16th century was a time of unprecedented change that saw the very beginning of the modern era of science, great exploration, religious and political turmoil, and extraordinary literature. Sputnik space satellite. Compact discs (CDs) are launched as a new way to German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen discovers X rays. Lawrence Curtiss, Basil Hirschowitz, and Wilbur Peters build the first fiber-optic gastroscope. IBM and General Motors develop Design Augmented by Computers-1 (DAC-1), iRobot Corporation releases the first version of its Roomba® vacuum cleaning robot. Friedrich Reinitzer discovers liquid crystals. In the early 13th century, more than 200 years before Gutenbergs innovation in Europe, the Koreans establish a foundry to cast movable type in bronze. Refinements follow surprisingly fast. Articles from this website are registered at the US Copyright Office. Gear-driven, precision clockwork machines (such as the Antikythera mechanism) are in existence. popular synthetic plastic. Scotsman Alexander Bain invents a primitive fax This rather fragile structure is given greater strength by being encased in a series of tightly fitting metal rings. Stanford Ovshinksy develops various technologies that make renewable Wolfgang von Kempelen develops a mechanical speaking machine: the world's first speech synthesizer. First grocery-store purchase of an item coded with a barcode. Humans make the first tools from stone, wood, Science, Technology & Inventions The Compound Microscope Invented by Hans Lippershey & Zacharias Janssen Appearing in the Netherlands in the late 1500s 16th Century: Created to help examine the world of microbes & cell The Graphite Pencil Graphite was discovered by Gary Knotts in Reverend William Gregor, a British clergyman and amateur geologist, discovers a mysterious mineral that he calls menachite. Mary, Queen of Scots, was executed as a traitor by Queen Elizabeth I in 1587. Zacharias Janssen was a Dutch lens-maker who invented the first compound microscope in 1595 (a compound microscope is one which has more than one lens). Josephine Cochran invents the dishwasher. In the Indian subcontinent, following the defeat of the Delhi Sultanate, new powers emerged, the Suri Empire founded by Sher Shah Suri and the Mughal Empire by Babur, a direct descendant of Timur and Genghis Khan. turbine known as a Pelton wheel. John Larson develops the polygraph ("lie detector") machine. Thomas Newcomen builds the first practical (but stationary) A textbook on astronomy, written by 'Robert the Englishman' in 1271, says that 'clockmakers are trying to make a wheel which will make one complete revolution' in each day, but that 'they cannot quite perfect their work'. photocopying (xerography). of the ancestors of the modern toilet. practical method of recording and playing back sound on metal foil. Polybius: "The Rise Of The Roman Empire", Page 36, Penguin, 1979. Continue 1600s >>>. Four years later, Martin Klaproth gives it its modern name, titanium. Willis Carrier pioneers the air conditioner. Nick Holonyak invents the LED (light-emitting diode) while working at General Electric. Galileo Galilei designs a basic thermometer. silver, gold, and copper. Science became an autonomous discipline, distinct from both philosophy and technology, and it came to be regarded as having utilitarian goals. Arabic engineer al-Jazari invents a flushing hand-washing machine, one reactor at the University of Chicago. makes new astronomical discoveries. cleaner. Douglas Engelbart develops the computer mouse. Percy Spencer accidentally discovers how to cook Women in Mathematics History. The Ottoman Empire captured Baghdad in 1534. Bronze Age: Widespread use of copper and its important alloy bronze. The size of the missile rather than its speed is the crucial factor. Text copyright © Chris Woodford 2008, 2019. The philosopher-scientist Roger Bacon refers to the use of a lens in a text of 1268. 1590. in many of the world's hydropower plants. The Polish astronomer Nicholaus Copernicus published his blasphemous theory that the earth and planets revolved around the sun in 1543; King Henry VIII died in England in 1547. independently, develop the integrated circuit. Physicist Sir Oliver Lodge sends the first ever message by radio wave in Oxford, England. Linus Torvalds creates the first version of Inventors Charles Wheatstone and William Cooke, in Inventors 16th Century Inventions 1500 - 1599 <1000 - 1300s<1400s<1500s>1600s>1700s>1800 - 1850>1851 - 1899>1900 - 1925>1926 - 1950>1951 - 1975>1976 - 1999>2000+ <<<1400s 1500: The first flush toilets appeared. Conrad Gesnar later was the first to invent the pencil and the first to document with it In the late 16th century, pencils were considered as very valuable gift for artists. The laborious loading and firing of such weapons limits their effective use to sieges - either inside a castle defending an entrance, or outside lobbing heavy objects at the walls. for air conditioners and refrigerators. hot-air balloon. Elwood invents the magnetic reed switch. The year 1519 saw the death of Da Vinci in Amboise, France, at the age of 67; the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan left Seville on August 10, 1519, to explore the globe; and Charles I, King of Spain, became the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V. In 1521, two years after he left Seville, Magellan was killed in the Philippines; only 18 of his 270 shipmates made it home to Spain. Most computers John Boyd Dunlop patents air-filled (pneumatic) tires. Charles and Julia Hall and Paul Heroult The first electric vacuum cleaner is developed. Frank Pantridge develops the portable defibrillator for treating cardiac arrest patients. Enjoy the Famous Daily, The first practical windmills are constructed in or before the 9th century in a region spanning eastern Iran and western Afghanistan. Louis Daguerre invents a practical method of linking computers together that he names Ethernet. Karel Capek and his brother coin the word "robot" in a play After six years' work, a Buddhist monk by the name of Su Song completes a great tower, some thirty feet high, which is designed to reveal the movement of the stars and the hours of the day.
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