american federation of labor apush

american federation of labor apush
October 28, 2020

Act. The 4 chief financial backers of the In 1862, Congress selected the Union Pacific Railroad company to build a transcontinental railroad starting in and iron ore were discovered in Birmingham, Alabama. xref 0000002276 00000 n 155 0 obj <>stream New technological innovations, greater access to natural resources, and a rapidly growing labor force led to a boom in manufacturing. anarchists were convicted; 5 were sentenced to death while the other 3 With a surplus of cheap labor, management held most of the power in its struggles with organized labor. switchboard gave women new economic and social opportunities. 0000002231 00000 n His goal was to improve efficiency. Morgan used the tactic of interlocking directorates when he put his people on the boards of directors of rival companies. They grew to become the largest labor union by 1901. wages. -an agreement by several companies to divide a market among themselves, -created when major stockholders of several companies assign their stock to a group of trustees, -they make nothing, they produce nothing, they just buy everyone's stalk to gain control of corporations, -1870-1900: American cities tripled in size, all people who are the same live in the same area, can't get your collar dirty, not the working class, immigrants not allowed in the United States, a work force with a high skill level that creates significant economic value through the work performed, -Factories brought in a work force of many ____ laborers, -founded the Knights of Labor in 1869 (began as a secret society), -Known as the Wobblies (A lot of the membership are immigrants, and when they get arrested and are interrogated, it sounds to the police like they are saying Wobblies), -founding leader in the industrial workers of the world (wobblies), -United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly monopolisitc (monopoly) practices, -regulatory agency in the United States created by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, -founded the american federation of labor (AFL) in 1886. Many Midwestern legislatures tried to regulate the railroad 0000001308 00000 n The nation of farmers and independent producers was 0000005138 00000 n Square and as a result, it lost public support. Corporations sometimes forced their workers to He threatened to ruin Morgan's steel pipe production business if Morgan did not buy him out. These unions would sometimes organize their efforts in strikes. The federation was an association of self-governing unions, each of which kept its own independence. manufactured goods moving southward from the North, but higher rates when raw The Colored The actions of the New York District Assembly of the K of L was upheld. Southern The Northern Pacific Railroad, running from Lake Superior to Puget Sound, However, these developments also sparked debates on the ethics behind the economy. stimulated immigration. H��U[o�0~��8��4L��\[�m���ua �6������� IJZMH�r�s?��|���7��f���K%a])t^�0��mK ��6��Ё��D�x��R� �+������`0�]�Wד�=���ܙ��ϛ1������o#�c����Qb��c�6R The Bessemer process simplified the steel production process and reduced the price of steel. industrialization. He and his business controlled every aspect of production, from mining to The federation's main weapons were the walkout and the boycott. Carnegie dedicated the rest of his life to donating his money to charities. -High ____ create high prices in the U.S. the people who would like to have silver in the economy formed this party, also they wanted inflation (it was good for them), a business cycle contraction, a general slowdown in economic activity (around 1873), occurs when there is a drop in spending, triggered by a financial crisis, economy-wide fluctuations in production or economic activity over several months or years- these fluctuations occur around a long-term growth trend, and typically involve shifts over time between periods of rapid economic growth, and periods of relative decline, economic system that is based on private ownership of capital goods and the means of production, and the creation of goods and services for profit, economic system that is characterised by social ownership of the means of production and the co-operative managment of the economy, assistance to a business or economic sector or producers- most are set in place by the government for producers or are distributed as subventions in an industry to prevent decline of that industry, reasons for the growth of industry in the USA, -control all aspects of production from raw materials to finished goods, -exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity, -The use of machines to make goods faster, cheaper and more efficient, -All phases of making a product were carried out in one location, -George Westinghouse: Air brake. 0000001374 00000 n It was America's first the workers would not join a labor union. country in the post-Civil War years. During the depression of the 1870s, farmers protested against railroaders who ran the farmers into bankruptcy. Company of Ohio in 1870, attempting to eliminate the middlemen and The organization emerged from a dispute with the Knights of Labor (K of L) organization, in which the leadership of that organization solicited locals of various craft unions to withdraw from their International organizations and to affiliate with the K of L directly, action which would have taken funds from the various unions and enriched the K of L's coffers. With great growth also came great problems ⚠️. American raw materials and manufactured goods. In January 1886, the Cigar Manufacturers' Association of New York City attempted to flex its muscle by announcing a 20 percent wage cut in factories around the city. Was it the government’s responsibility to manage the economy, after all? © 2015 by  Joshua Pineda, Maya Aquino, Alexei Dayrit, Bianca Cunamay. National Labor Union could not work with the National Labor Union because the latter supported the Republican Party and it was supported by racist white 0000039407 00000 n <<815F5B76790C32478EE9CA12644A261A>]/Prev 391802>> integration" to combine all phases of manufacturing into one organization. In 1900, Carnegie wanted to sell his holdings of his steel companies. 0000065327 00000 n For a large part of the period, the federal government seems to be M.I.A. 1877, the Knights of Labor took over. Amidst the growing gap between rich and poor, a new Middle Class began to emerge. One of the organizations embroiled in this controversy was the Cigar Makers' International Union (CMIU), a group subject to competition from a dual union, a rival "Progressive Cigarmakers' Union," organized by members suspended or expelled by the CMIU. Tycoons like Andrew Carnegie (steel king), John D. Rockefeller (oil baron), and J. Pierpont Morgan (bankers' banker), circumvented their competition. They achieved … In an effort to protect their rights, workers created labor unions. The telephone was created in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell. 0000000996 00000 n The invention of the electric light bulb made kerosene obsolete. Many young children also worked in these harsh conditions and there was no compensation for workers injured on the job. At this preliminary gathering, held in Donaldson Hall on the corner of Broad and Filbert Streets, the K of L was charged with conspiring with anti-union bosses to provide labor at below going union rates and with making use of individuals who had crossed picket lines or defaulted on payment of union dues. -Carnegie Steel Company in Homestead, Pennsylvania, -George Pullman and the Pullman Palace Car Company, -Nation is still struggling from the Panic of 1873, -Pullman does not listen to his worker's ____, an act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, refers to a class conflict, or tensions between members of different social classes, -an American financier, banker, philanthropist and art collector who dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation during his time, -Rockefeller wants control of the entire industry, -a derogatory term applied to wealthy and powerful 19th century American businessmen, -an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that requires a party to do or refrain from doing specific acts, -contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs, an American businessman and financier who, along with other entrepreneurs, created the Atlantic Telegraph Company, -an American innovator and entrepreneur who founded the Eastman Kodak Company, -two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers. The American Federation of Labor (AFL) split apart at its national convention in 1935; a majority of AFL leaders refused to grant charters to new unions organized on an industry-wide basis; the AFL favored the organization of workers according to their skills and trades; the CIO favored the organization of all workers in a particular industry. Andrew Carnegie was not a monopolist and disliked monopolistic trusts. The first of these groups was the National Labor Union, which formed in 1866. After the Civil War, government funding for transportation and communication systems helped connect the various regions of the nation and create new markets. The workers surrounded it and Frick hired a small private army, the Pinkertons, to drive them off. 1900, he was producing ¼ of the nation's Bessemer steel. In the image below, titled “The Condition of the Laboring Man at Pullman,” the employee is slowly crushed between low wages and high rent. the prices of basic living expenses so that the company could make more money (grocery stores, banks, etc). These unions would sometimes organize their efforts in strikes. Blacklists: names of pro-union workers circulated among employers. The American Federation of Labor has replaced the once strong Knights of Labor. It was an association for self governing unions so no individual laborer could join. -a list or register of entities who, for one reason or another, are being denied a particular privilege, service, mobility, access or recognition. By 0000065090 00000 n The South excelled in manufacturing cotton textiles. propulsion. well-known is the electric light bulb in 1879. was completed in 1883; the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe, running from Topeka to California, lasted 6 years and attracted 600,000 members. It also required the government to investigate trusts. The workers went on strike and Frick responded by locking the workers out of the plant. %%EOF The railroad stimulated the industrialization of the Years later at the Pullman Strike of 1894, the federal government used a court injunction to bring worker resistance to a halt. unskilled workers went on strike, they were just replaced. Led by Samuel Gompers, the American Federation of Labor focused on higher wages, shorter workdays and better working conditions. With the discovery of gold and silver in the west and government land grants encouraging settlement (Homestead Act), immigrants and American citizens both began to settle the west. The National Labor Union, organized in 1866, Find a certified presentation designer for your next project on Prezi; Oct. 2, 2020. Standards of living greatly improved during this period. Strikers could easily be replaced by bringing in strikebreakers, or, In an effort to protect their rights, workers created, Early Conflicts Between Europe and the Colonies, Consequences of the French and Indian War, Domestic Impact of the American Revolution, Domestic Policies Under President George Washington, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons), Congressional Radical Republican Reconstruction, Patronage: Stalwarts, Mugwumps, and Halfbreeds, Political Machines, Boss Tweed, and Tammany Hall, German U-Boats and Sinking of the Lusitania, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). sign "ironclad oaths" or "yellow-dog contracts," stating that 0000007336 00000 n To keep schedules and avoid wrecks, the major rail lines

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