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October 28, 2020

Bacterial diseases were once leading causes of death. Infections caused by parasites and a few types of infections caused by bacteria may also need treatment with medicines. Salmonellosis. Viral infections, like influenza, are caused by viruses, and can be somewhat difficult to treat. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311 Cholera 4. There are various types of bacteria that affect each and every part of the body and this is a common health issue which we face throughout our lives. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. The major symptoms associated with this disease are spleen, enlarged liver, rose coloured chest spots, constipation, diarrhea, headache and high fever. History of Bacterial Diseases: There were many pieces of evidence in books and sculptures of these bacterial diseases from ancient Egyptian and ancient Chinese times (3000 BCE) for hundreds of years. About Bacterial Infection. Different Types. Bacterial infections except chlamydiae: Specimen consists of exudate, collected by a sterile platinum loop … Effective treatment depends on the right diagnosis. ADVERTISEMENTS: List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. Leprosy 5. Gonorrhoea 9. Infectious types of bacteria can sometimes invade the body and cause a variety of medical conditions, which may need to be treated with prescription medications such as antibiotics. But arming yourself with the knowledge of these common mouth infections, their causes, and typical signs can help you prevent them. Treatment of such types of infections depend upon the type of causative agent. ISBN 978-0-87553-189-2; Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. B., ed. While the majority of sinus infections are caused by a viral or bacterial infection, they can also occur due to fungal infections. Age also determines the propensity of bacterial infection in cats. Other types of bacterial infections include urinary tract infections (including bladder and kidney infections) and dental abscesses , as well as infections caused by MRSA , Group B Streptococcus , and C. Difficile . Laboratory diagnosis: 1. They usually cause mild infections, … A bacterial infection is best treated with a prescription antibiotic that is specific for the type of bacteria causing the infection. Bacterial and viral infections have many things in common. What are the symptoms of a bacterial infection? Also, children with a severely weakened immune system are at … Diphtheria 3. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. A Leptospirosis bacterial infection occurs when a dog drinks stagnant water contaminated by urine or fecal matter. There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. Various tests are carried out in a laboratory to establish or confirm the diagnosis of a bacterial skin infection.Although a thorough history and examination of the patient are vital, laboratory tests can help the clinician to reach a diagnosis. Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. When the number and type of bacteria increase to a point that the body is no longer able to control the invasion, then symptoms of infection can be noted. A doctor can determine the underlying cause of an illness based on the patient's symptoms and other factors. Keratitis: Causes: Mostly herpes virus and foreign body with secondary infection due to bacteria or fungi. 17th ed. These bacterial diseases examples are commonly spread only when person comes in contact with this bacterium that stays in human body. Like any part of your body, you can get infections and illnesses that can affect your teeth, gums, and tongue. Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. Find out more about antibiotics, and about multidrug-resistant ‘superbugs’, which are very difficult to treat. Yeast, bacteria, STDs, even hygiene products can all cause an infection or inflammation in the vagina. Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. Syphilis 10. Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. Many types of bacteria can cause bone and joint infections, including Staphylococcus aureus, also called staph, Enterobacter, and Streptococcus. Leptospirosis – This type of bacterial infection is common because it is highly contagious. A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. Immunisation is available to prevent many important bacterial diseases such as Hemophilus influenza Type b (Hib), tetanus and whooping cough.. Why do we need laboratory testing for bacterial infections?. Pneumococcal pneumonia is a common example, although other types of bacteria and viruses can also cause pneumonia. Bacterial disease, any of a variety of illnesses caused by bacteria. The type of bacteria causing an infection will usually influence the type of treatment given. The bacteria can cause blood infections, pneumonia, ... HIV virus damages T cells that are vital in helping the body fight off diseases, leaving those infected at risk of many types of infections. There are some general signs of bacterial infection: fever Bacteria are capable of reproducing on their own. Chin J. The lungs are particularly vulnerable to bacterial infections. The following are four different types of skin infections: 1. One of the bacteria of concern today is Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) a bacterium associated with Klebsiella species and Escherichia coli (E. coli). Bacterial Disease # 1. While this is most commonly caused by bacterial infections, sepsis can also be the result of fungal or viral infections. While young felines have a better immunity against major bacterial infections, the youngest ones are more prone to infections because of the lack of major antibodies. Tooth decay results from the production of acid by bacterial fermentation of the food debris accumulated on the tooth surface. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. Using a specific antibiotic will increase the chances that the infection is cured and help to prevent antibiotic resistance. Improved sanitation, vaccines, and antibiotics significantly decreased mortality rates. Osteomyelitis often occurs when an infection elsewhere in the body, such as a urinary tract infection or pneumonia, spreads through the blood to the bones. Fungal Sinus Infections/Fungal Rhinosinusitis. Dental Caries or Cavities 1. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Bacterial Disease: Type # 6. Plague 8. In rare cases, these types of infections can be severe and could spread to other areas of the body. Not all bacteria will cause an infection, though. Serious kinds of infections will require medical attention and help in strengthening the immune system. Examples of bacterial infections include whooping cough, strep throat, ear infection and urinary tract infection (UTI). Registered office: Antibiotic Research UK Genesis 5 York Science Park Heslington Cystitis. Scalp infections occur when bacteria or fungus enter damaged skin or hair follicles on the scalp. Serious infections can be treated with antibiotics, which work by disrupting the bacterium’s metabolic processes, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. pyogenes are cocci shaped bacteria that typically colonize the skin and throat areas of the body. APHA [American Public Health Association] Press; 2000. Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavity, is a bacterial infection that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin, and cementum). Virus types A bacteria infection is one of the most common types of infection. Bacterial skin infections. Two common types are Staphylococcus epidermis and Staphylococcus aureus. Tetanus 7. Types of bacteria that cause infection are explained below: Staphylococcus. This page does not cover conditions such as ringworm or athlete’s foot (fungal), cold sores (viral) or scabies (parasitic), although these conditions can allow bacterial infections to take hold, too. 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