Allows accurate evaluation of exposure risk by a medical professional; Increases the chance of identifying and testing the source of blood/OPIM; and. The symptoms of Hepatitis B and C include jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes), fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and liver damage. Good laboratory and personal hygiene practices. It is imperative that all lab personnel working with human derived materials know the location of and be able to access the current year’s ECP. Once vaccinated and neutralizing antibodies have been confirmed, boosters are generally not required. The Act specified that employers must provide safer sharps devices if available; employees who work with sharps and blood must be involved in device evaluation and selection process; initial and annual sharps evaluations must be completed by anyone using sharps on LIVE HUMANS (e.g. Also, HBV-infected blood/body fluids contain significantly more virus particles relative to HIV-infected blood. The flagship campus of the University of Tennessee System and partner in the Tennessee Transfer Pathway. Rules regarding research or production of antibodies of deadly bloodborne pathogens, such as Hepatitis B and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). 414 East Stadium Hall
Contact the Biosafety Office for more information about the Hepatitis B vaccine if interested. The best way to protect yourself from BBP is to practice universal precautions. Lesson Summary. To reduce or eliminate the dangers of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens, an employer must put into effect an exposure control plan with protection measures. Some human body fluids are not considered to be a BBP hazard unless they are visibly contaminated with blood. Hepatitis C, a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus, is known as the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United States. Paid employees must complete the Worker’s Compensation forms as soon as possible. Bloodborne Pathogens Certification Course, Protect Yourself from Bloodborne Pathogens, Act When you Come into Contact with Blood, Report Exposure to Blood or Blood-containing Fluids Immediately. Many bloodborne diseases can be transmitted by means other than needlesticks, including intravenous drug use and high-risk sexual behavior by way of the transfer of infected bodily fluids. Clean the surfaces of visible debris before disinfection with a 1:10 bleach solution or with a disinfectant that is EPA-registered for the destruction of HIV and HBV. However, there are … For all infectious biological material and human derived material exposures, paid staff must report exposure to CorVel Corp. at 1-866-245-8588 to obtain a claim number per UT Risk Management procedures (this step can be concurrent with emergency reporting). Personal protective equipment includes the use of any or all of the following: shoe covers, gown, hairnet, safety mask and face shield, gloves, absorbable pads, and red biohazard bags for hazardous materials. Proactive vaccination protocols for Hepatitis B. Communication measures used to educate employees, such as this course. Follow CorVel instructions for medical follow-up with health care provider. Policies for immediate actions after exposure. However, there are several other microbes that may be considered BBP, including: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) Standard [29CFR1910.1030] applies to anyone that will handle or may come into contact with human blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) due to the risk of Bloodborne pathogens. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration defines bloodborne pathogens as: “Infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. Knoxville, TN 37996 Brian Ranger, MS, SM (NRCM), CBSP - Biological Safety OfficerMain Phone: 865-974-5084 • Fax: 865-974-0094 Unpaid employees must complete the Incident Report Form found at http://riskmanagement.tennessee.edu or contact (865) 974-5409. Certify your team at a discount! © 2020 CPRCertified.com. An important thing to keep in mind when considering the risk of BBPs is that they are not all equally infectious. This helps to inform the medical risk assessment and course of treatment. These include: urine, feces, vomit, sweat, tears, saliva, or nasal secretions. For more information on bloodborne pathogens and how to limit exposure, consider the following resources: Bloodborne Pathogens: Questions and Answers about Occupational Exposure (PDF), Bloodborne Pathogens and Needlestick Prevention, Bloodborne Pathogens Training Self Study Guide (PDF), Protecting Yourself from Bloodborne Pathogens, OSU Bloodborne Pathogen Awareness Training, Common Bloodborne Pathogens and Infections. A BBP is a disease causing organism that can be found in human blood and certain body fluids. This is in part due to the fact that HIV breaks down quickly once it is outside the human body, while HBV is more environmentally stable. Even so, use universal precautions and wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) when handling these fluids as they may contain other types of pathogenic microbes. Blood and body fluid precautions are an infection control practice that tries to minimize this type of disease transmission. Bloodborne pathogens, infectious microorganisms, are found in human blood that can lead to disease in humans. It is important because it: It is important to take any information that you may have regarding the materials to which you were exposed. However, general symptoms may include fatigue, appetite changes, unexplained fever, and swollen glands. Individuals not listed on the UT payroll may be personally responsible for medical costs. A closer look at Bloodborne Pathogens: Hepatitis B and C Viruses. Otherwise, risk assessment indicates coverage under the BBP Standard. What is a bloodborne pathogen (BBP)? If you have started the series and failed to complete it, your employer may send you for a blood draw to verify the presence of Hepatitis B antibodies. Standard precautions that should be taken when providing care should include: Avoiding contact with blood and other bodily fluids, Properly using personal protective equipment like disposable gloves, eye protection, foot coverings, gowns and breathing barriers, Disposing of sharps in designated sharps containers, Making use of safer equipment like self-sheathing needles, needle-less syringes or engineered sharps to lessen the risk of needlesticks, Carefully cleaning and disinfecting all potentially contaminated work surfaces and equipment after each use. Unpaid volunteers may report to the health care provider of their choice. These microorganisms include but are not limited to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV), and hepatitis C (HCV). For additional information, see http://riskmanagement.tennessee.edu or contact (865) 974-5409. Bloodborne Pathogens: Questions and Answers about Occupational Exposure, Bloodborne Pathogens Training Self Study Guide, What to do When Someone is Having an Asthma Attack. Rules set to ensure compliance to OSHA and the requirements of other governing bodies, such as the Joint Commission. Unpaid students may report to UT Student Health Services (865-974-3135) or their primary care physician. In the event you are exposed or potentially exposed to a Bloodborne pathogen, it is very important to flush the exposed area for 15 minutes, report the exposure to your supervisor, and seek prompt medical care. An ECP is a plan that directs how employees respond to exposure to pathogens present in human blood that can cause disease. for Healthcare & Tattoo Artists.
BBPs may be present in infectious concentrations in human blood; semen/vaginal secretions; fluid from the spine, joints, lungs and other vascularized body cavities; any body fluid contaminated with blood; any body fluid that you can’t identify; and other potentially infectious materials (OPIM). and typically includes the following: Bloodborne pathogens are basically any germ or organism that resides in an infected person’s bloodstream. Employees in a facility may include nurses, unit coordinators, quality-assurance personnel, administrative professionals, sanitation workers and more. Bloodborne pathogens and workplace sharps injuries. The plan may be found online at http://biosafety.utk.edu/bbp-exposure-control-plan/. Furthermore, some bloodborne pathogens can result in death. Without it, physicians are likely to take the most conservative approach and start antiviral therapies (some of which can have serious side effects). Routine handwashing and disinfection of potentially contaminated surfaces are critical for mitigating risk! Safer sharps resources and evaluation forms can be found in the Exposure Control Plan or on the Biosafety website. The form may be found at https://biosafety.utk.edu/emergency-response/, or by contacting the Biosafety Office at 974-5547.
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