kiruna, sweden map

kiruna, sweden map
October 28, 2020

The annual Snow festival is held over the last weekend of January[48] and includes scooter jumping, reindeer racing and an ice sculpture contest.[17][49][50]. In 1987, Umeå University started a space engineering program in Kiruna, and GIS education was started by Luleå University of Technology in 1991. SE of the station is the Town Hall (1 963; carillon and an art collection). [29], The first actual work on moving the town was done in November 2007, when work on the new main sewage pipe started.[30]. Some ore was extracted in the 19th century. Kiruna is located in the north of Sweden, 145 kilometres (90 mi) north of the Arctic circle. ESA has operated a satellite station at Salmajärvi, near Esrange, since 1989. The midnight sun is visible here from mid-May to mid-July. The industrial area east of the city was built in the 1950s to separate industry from neighborhoods. Eugen of Sweden and an altar group of carved wood by Christian Eriksson and Ossian Elgstrom. Norway and Finland and, with an area of 20,000 sq. White Arkitekter AB based in Stockholm togheter with Ghilardi + Hellsten Arkitekter based in Oslo, SPACECAPE AB, VECTURA CONSULTING AB and EVIDENS BLW AB won the competition with their masterplan and strategy for moving the city. The Sami population was already a tourist attraction in the early days of Kiruna's existence. This caused unhappiness in local organisations, such as Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara Arbetareförening, that had hoped for status as köping, which would have kept more of the mining income inside the locality. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The railway came to Kiruna 15 October 1899 and the Swedish and Norwegian sections were joined 15 November 1902. It contains an altarpiece painted by Prince. The lower-lying east is dominated by boreal forest, stretching hundreds (if not thousands) of kilometers into Finland and Russia. See Kiruna photos and images from satellite below, explore the aerial photographs of Kiruna in Sweden. The railway connects Luleå with Gällivare, Kiruna and Narvik. Kiruna Airport is southeast of the city, 8 km by road. Most of them returned, disappointed that life in Latin America was not what they had hoped it to be, Hjalmar Lundbohm personally lent money for the trip home to some of the emigrants. The mine is owned by Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara AB (LKAB), a large Swedish mining company. [18][19][20], Germany requested that Sweden provide use of the railway network to transport military equipment, but the Swedish government agreed only to transitering av human karaktär, men ej underhåll till stridande trupp (transit of humanitarian character, but no supply of fighting soldiers). An airport bus is available for all flights to and from Stockholm-Arlanda. Kiruna Kyrka, the city's old church, is one of the largest wooden buildings in Sweden. In the 1950s, a fund, Norrlandsfonden was established, in which profits from LKAB would be invested in order to diversify the local economy. The city is built near the lake Luossajärvi with outflow to the Luossajoki that flows in the Torne river at Laxforsen. The only connection was by railway or, as in the time before the railway, by boat (in summer) via the Torne and Kalix rivers to Jukkasjärvi and Håmojåkk and then proceed by foot. It is the middle of a commune which borders on both Norway and Finland and, with an area of 20,000 sq. To the west is Nikkaluokta and to the northwest are Abisko, Björkliden, Riksgränsen and the Norwegian town of Narvik, 180 kilometres (110 mi) via the road. The area around Kiruna is very sparsely populated. It is the centre of Kiruna Municipality, Kiruna kommun, which also includes several small villages, resorts and settlements scattered around a large wilderness area. In 2013, the railway station was moved 2 km away from the city centre, so walking is possible but not recommended. Nyberg was caught, was fired from LKAB and spent 3½ years in prison. [26], The re-development of Kiruna is a reconstruction project, as the Kirunavaara mine, run by LKAB, undermines the current town center. [5], The ESTRACK Kiruna Station of ESA, the European Space Agency, is located in the municipality. [7], In 2007, the Swedish government announced that Kiruna would be the host of Spaceport Sweden, signing an agreement with Virgin Galactic. Due to its extreme daylight cycle, the period between April to August account for 73% of Kiruna's annual sunshine according to the 1961-1990 normals, whereas the five darkest months between October and February contain only around 10% of the annual sunshine. [17], In 1957, the Kiruna Geophysical Observatory (KGO) (now the Swedish Institute of Space Physics) was founded and established by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The architects Per Olof Hallman and Gustaf Wickman were appointed to design the city, to be built at Haukivaara, near both iron ore mines, with then-revolutionary consideration of geographical and climatological circumstances; being built on a hill, winter temperatures are much milder than in other towns, and due to the street plan and the positioning, wind is limited. As with most of Northern Sweden the area is rich with Magnetite which is mined to produce various Iron ore products which are then transported by rail to Narvik port in Norway to be shipped to customers around the world. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The land north of Kurravaara is roadless, uninhabited, partly barren and partly birch forest, up to the Norwegian and Finnish borders at Treriksröset. Also, provisional buildings served as a church, a school, a hospital, a hotel and a police station. The sun does not set between 28 May and 16 July (50 days), and white nights lasts from early May to early August. [5] Also in Kiruna are the Institute of Space Physics[6] and Luleå University of Technology's Department of Space Science.[7]. This increased to 222 in 1900, 7,438 in 1910 and 12,884 in 1930. It had 17,002 inhabitants in 2016 [3] and is the seat of Kiruna Municipality (population: 23,167 in 2016)[4] in Norrbotten County. [1], Space research started in the late 1940s. The network consisted of three lines: bergbanan (funicular), stadsspårvägen (city tramway) and gruvspårvägen (mine tramway). In June 2010 the municipal council decided that the town would be moved eastwards (to 67°51′1″N 20°18′2″E / 67.85028°N 20.30056°E / 67.85028; 20.30056), in the direction of Tuolluvaara, instead of the proposed northwestern location. King Oscar II only opened the railway line 14 July 1903, preferring summer over winter to travel north.[10][11][12]. The very first building, B:1, is preserved and can be seen at Hjalmar Lundbohmsgården. In 1990, the first Icehotel was built in Jukkasjärvi and advertised as the world's largest igloo.

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