loquat varieties

loquat varieties
October 28, 2020

Extreme summer heat is detrimental to the crop, and dry, hot winds cause leaf scorch. Elongated pear-shaped, often oblique; small to large (depending on where it is grown); skin pale-golden to deep-yellow, thick, tough, astringent; flesh white or yellow, soft, juicy, mild and subacid to sweet; of excellent flavor. Tree a medium-dwarf–to 9 1/2 ft (2.83 in). 'Fire Ball' (popular in India)–ovate to ovate-elliptic; small, with yellow, thick skin; flesh white to straw-colored, thick, crisp, smooth, of mild, subacid flavor. It is a productive variety, and the fruit-clusters are large and handsome. 2 weeks. Inclined to bruise during harvesting. In the past was considered the best loquat for southern Florida. cuttings are not easy to root. 'Large Round' (grown in India)–ovate-round; of medium size; yellow of skin with cream-colored flesh, firm, coarse, subacid to sweet, mild. Early. Late in season. Clusters are cut from the branch with a sharp knife or with clippers. Major Japanese growers have monorail systems for conveying the picked fruits and equipment from their hillside plantations. Fruits borne only a few to a cluster; keep and ship well. More than fifteen varieties have been described from Algeria, but most of them have already been discarded. Very late; too late for California. Under most conditions the loquat tends to develop an quality fruit with regular, deep watering. Origin:The loquat is indigenous to southeastern China. The process is labor intensive. There have been instances of poisoning in poultry from ingestion of loquat seeds. Constitutes 10% of commercial crop in Israel; 35% of the crop in Japan. The leaves possess a mixture of triterpenes, also tannin, vitamin B and ascorbic acid; in addition, there are traces of arsenic. The loquat is normally pollinated by bees. The leaves are is a factor in their favor. The fruit flies, A. striata and A. serpentina, require control in Venezuela, the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, in Tunisia. Needs cross-pollination. Flesh whitish, translucent, melting, very juicy, of sweet, mild flavor. Even so, the The skin of the loquat is easily removed. carefully clipped individually or the whole cluster removed and the fruit Borne in compact clusters. The Early Red loquat was originated by C. P. Taft of Orange, California, in 1909. This is carefully done by hand in Japan. Ripens earlier than 'Victory'. In the New World, it is cultivated from northern South America, Central America and Mexico to California: also, since 1867, in southern Florida and northward to the Carolinas, though it does not fruit north of Jacksonville. "Loquat Growing in the Florida Home Landscape." 34. The Chinese group, so far as is known at present, includes only late-ripening varieties. Plant your loquat in a sunny, well-drained spot. serious pests in areas where they are problem. Irrigation: Loquat trees are drought tolerant, but they will produce higher In Japan, scale insects, aphids, fruit flies and birds damage the fruits and may necessitate covering the clusters with cloth or paper bags. The regions in which named varieties of the loquat have been developed are China, Japan, Queensland, India, Sicily, Algeria, and California. fruit develops a distinctive color, depending on the cultivar, and begins to Fire blight can be The tree is of medium size-nearly 10 ft (2.98 m); precocious; bears regularly; is self-fertile to a degree. California, particularly in areas with late spring and summer rains or high In India, inarching is commonly practiced but budding and grafting are more popular in most other areas. A large and showy fruit, but not considered valuable in California because it ripens late in the season. Well established trees can Scab may occur on the bark of the trunk and larger branches. There is amygdalin also in the fruit peel. Cleft-grafting has been a common practice in Florida. Thinning of flowers and young fruits in the cluster, or the clipping off of the tip of the cluster, or of entire clusters of flowers and fruits, is sometimes done to enhance fruit size. Cultivation spread to India and southeast Asia, the medium altitudes of the East Indies, and Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. tolerate a low temperature of 12° F. The killing temperature for the flower The smaller tree has no effect on fruit size and gives It is considered especially good for canning. There are said to be over 800 varieties in the Orient. In the southernmost state of the U.S.S.R., Georgia, several loquat cultivars are grown, including 'Champagne', 'Comune', 'Grossa de Sicilia', 'Premier', 'Tanaka', and 'Thales'. Tree is a natural dwarf to 9.5 ft (2.84 in). The late season Big Jim’s are the best tasting loquat I have tried out of about 10-15 varieties including a few seedling selections from Jim Neitzel’s yard. Unripe fruits do not ripen properly off the tree and are excessively Self-fertile. The second most important predator is the bark-eating caterpillar, Indarbela quadrinotata. In Brazil, the harvesting extends from May to October. Peeled and seeded fruits are eaten fresh, sometimes combined with sliced banana, orange sections and grated coconut. 'Mammoth' (grown in Australia; mentioned in California in 1889)–flesh orange, medium thick, granular, coarse, of subacid, agreeable flavor. acid. Self-infertile. Adaption: The loquat is adapted to a subtropical to mild-temperature climate. Taft, began seedling selection and distributed several superior types before the turn of the century, but further development was slow. applications of chemical fertilizer is 1 lb. Fruit (Prunus spp. Seeds small; average 5.10 per fruit. The 'Wolfe' cultivar in southern Florida has borne 100 lbs (45 kg) per tree at 5 years of age; 300 lbs (136 kg) when 15 to 20 years old. 32. 'Victor' (originated by C.P. Sweetly fragrant flowers, borne in rusty-hairy, terminal panicles of 30 to 100 blooms, are white, 5-petalled, 1/2 to 3/4 in (1.25-2 cm) wide. acid and pectin content. Perfume: In the 1950's, the flowers attracted the interest of the perfume industry in France and Spain and some experimental work was done in extraction of the essential oil from the flowers or leaves. T. Ikeda catalogued 46 as more or less important in Japan; over 15 have originated in Algeria through the work of L. Trabut; C.P. grown for ornamental purposes or for use as rootstock. It was common as a small-fruited ornamental in The seeds are small and numerous. Harvest time in California is from March to June. Flowers are attacked by thrips (Heliothrips sp.). It has beencultivated in Japan for over 1,000 years. cultivated in Japan for over 1,000 years. bearing character. Ripens earlier than Tanaka. In Florida, 'Oliver' has always been the most common cultivar, though a number of others–'Advance', 'Champagne', 'Early Red', 'Pineapple', 'Premier', 'Tanaka' and 'Thales' have been more or less successful. Determination of ripeness is not easy, but it is important because unripe fruits are excessively acid. Kusano states that Tanaka belongs to this class. 'Precoce de Itaquera' (erroneously called 'Tanaka'; grown in Brazil; believed to be a local selection of 'Mogi')–oval-pear-shaped; deep-orange; very small (25.3-29.1 g). The loquat is indigenous to southeastern China and possibly southern Japan, though it may have been introduced into Japan in very early times. Commercial Potential: In California, only in the coastal areas from Santa The seeds contain amygdalin (which is converted into HCN); also the lipids, sterol, b-sitosterol, triglyceride, sterolester, diglyceride and compound lipids; and fatty acids, mainly linoleic, palmitic, linolenic and oleic. Grafted trees will begin to bear fruit in 2 to year in midwinter. It is interplanted with 'Golden Yellow' and 'Pale Yellow' in India. In a large tub the loquat Landscaping with Loquat Trees….. Loquats grow to approximately 20 feet tall. The following are the cultivars most commonly described: 'Advance' (Japanese group)–A seedling selected by C. P. Taft in California in 1897. - Shape oval pyriform to oblong pyriform; size medium large, weight 2 ounces, length 2 1/2 inches, breadth 1 3/4 inches; base tapering slightly; apex broad, flattened, with the basin shallow, narrow, abrupt, the calyx-segments short, broad, the eye small and closed; fruit-cluster compact; surface yellowish orange, tinged with red in the fully ripe fruit; skin thick, tough, acid; flesh pale orange, translucent, melting and very juicy; flavor very sweet, pleasant; quality good; seeds 2 or 3, the seed cavity not large. and Brazil. Season late April and May at Orange, California. Cuttings are not easy to root. The Midseason. The disease is spread by bees during flowering. 1 to 2 inches long with a smooth or downy, yellow or orange, sometimes canopy. The tree is a heavy feeder. Because of the shallow root system of the loquat, great care must be taken in mechanical cultivation not to damage the roots. For good fruit production the trees require ample fertilization and irrigation. The evergreen leaves, mostly whorled at the branch tips, are elliptical-lanceolate to obovate lanceolate, 5 to 12 in (12.5-30 cm) long and 3 to 4 in (7.5-10 cm) wide; dark-green and glossy on the upper surface, whitish-or rusty-hairy beneath, thick, stiff, with conspicuous parallel, oblique veins, each usually terminating at the margin in a short, prickly point. - Shape commonly obovoid, weight 2 to 3 ounces. into Japan and became naturalized there in very early times. Animal feed: The young branches have been lopped for fodder. Fruit is borne in large clusters; pear-shaped to elliptic-round; of medium to large size; skin downy, yellow, thick and tough; flesh thick, cream-colored, juicy, subacid, of excellent flavor. A tree of moderate size, the loquat may reach 20 to 30 ft (6-9 in), has a rounded crown, short trunk, and woolly new twigs. 'Improved Pale Yellow' (grown in India)–flesh pale-orange or cream-colored, firm or soft, smooth, of subacid, pleasant flavor, with medium number of seeds. The Caribbean fruit fly (Anastrepha suspensa) has ruined the dooryard loquat crop for the past several years in Florida. Ripens late. 'Oliver' ('Olivier' × 'Tanaka'). Keeping quality is fair to poor. Wood: The wood is pink, hard, close-grained, medium-heavy. adequate fruit production with the advantage of easier picking. Late. In Florida, ripening begins in February; in California, usually in April; in Israel, the crop ripens from March to May. Chinese immigrants are presumed to have carriedthe loquat to H… narrow in some cultivars and broad in others. The prunings should be burned or or sealed in a plastic bag before disposal. Acid if harvested too early. Somewhat late in season. In Egypt, most loquats are of Lebanese origin. Tree is fairly tall–to 13 ft (4 in). Little is known of the Chinese varieties. Stands handling. The loquat has been the subject of much horticultural improvement, increasing the size and quality of the fruit. terminal shoots become too numerous and cause a decline in vigor. To However, in tropical climates, the tree may flower 2 or 3 times a year beginning in July and set fruit mainly from the second flowering. time. The variety known in California as Thales, which is thought by some to be identical with Tanaka or very close to it, appears also to belong to the Chinese list. After removal from storage, the shelf-life may be only 3 days. Midseason. 'Eulalia' (a seedling of 'Advance' selected by M. Payan in California in 1905)–pear-shaped to obovate -pear-shaped; skin faintly downy, orange-yellow with red blush and pale gray dots, thick, tough; flesh pinkish or orange, melting, soft, very juicy; subacid in flavor.

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