magellan expedition pdf

magellan expedition pdf
October 28, 2020

At some point, there was a physical confrontation between the crew and the natives, and at least one Chamorro was killed. An unknown error has occurred. After another three days, Espinosa returned. Magellan called Cartagena a "rebel" and branded his behaviour as mutinous. Of the four known primary sources that dealt with the Magellan expedition, Of the four known primary sources that dealt with the Magellan expedition, Pigafetta’s, account is the longest and most comprehensive. May 22: Victoria passes the Cape of Good Hope and enters the Atlantic Ocean. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. It was a Spanish expedition that sailed from Seville in 1519 under the command of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer, in search of a maritime path to East Asia through the Americas and across the Pacific Ocean, and was concluded by Spanish navigator Juan Sebastian Elcano in 1522. The expedition was funded mostly by King Charles I of Spain, with the hope that it would discover a profitable western route to the Moluccas, as the eastern route was controlled by Portugal under the Treaty of Tordesillas. [70] They crossed the equator on February 13. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. It recounted the individual fates of the five ships, expedition. Only the Santiago (commanded by Juan Serrano) remained loyal to Magellan, along with the flag ship, the Trinidad, which Magellan commanded. The locals readily exchanged food and local goods (such as parrot feathers) for such items. Around the headland, they found a wide body of water that extended as far as the eye could see in a west-by-southwest direction. A trading post was established in Tidore and the men set about purchasing massive quantities of cloves in exchange for goods such as cloth, knives, and glassware. After two weeks of storms, the fleet spent some time stalled in calm, equatorial waters before being carried west by the South Equatorial Current to the vicinity of the trade winds. In the early 1500's, almost four and a half centuries before men first orbited the earth, an expedition planned and led by Ferdinand Magellan performed a feat of comparable significance for that age. He was replaced by Martin Mendez, with Gonzalo de Espinosa and Juan Sebastián Elcano as captains of the Trinidad and Victoria, respectively. [48] Cartagena, along with a priest, Pedro Sanchez de Reina, were sentenced to be marooned. [81], Magellan and his men noted that the island was rich in gold, and found that the locals were eager to trade it for iron at par. Accordingly, the original Robertson notes have been deleted and replaced by a lesser number designed to clarify only those passages by Pigafetta most in need of explanation. Juan Serrano, one of the newly-elected co-commanders, was left alive and brought to the shore facing the Spanish ships. Moreover, they demolished the myth that there is boiling water at the Equator. November 28: The fleet leaves the strait and enters the Pacific Ocean.[10]. All these discoveries altered the European map of the world and resulted. Columbus died believing he proved Aristotle correct, but the real confirmation came in the expedition of Ferdinand Magellan, the captain of the first ship to sail completely around the world. Rating: In the coming days, other local chieftains were baptised, and in total, 2,200 locals from Cebu and other nearby islands were converted. In 1525, soon after the return of Magellan's expedition, Charles V sent an expedition led by García Jofre de Loaísa to occupy the Moluccas, claiming that they were in his zone of the Treaty of Tordesillas. The 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas reserved for Portugal the eastern routes that went around Africa, and Vasco da Gama and the Portuguese arrived in India in 1498. Magellan's crew observed several animals that were entirely new to European science, including a "camel without humps", which was probably a guanaco, whose range extends to Tierra del Fuego. Leone Pancaldo: a long logbook ‘by the Genoese pilot’ (first published in 1826), an anonymous Portuguese crew member: a long manuscript, first published in 1937, known as "the Leiden manuscript", possibly written by Gonzalo Gómez de Espinosa and, in all likelihood, a Trinidad crew member], and another anonymous Portuguese crew member: a very short account, first published in 1554, written by a Trinidad crew member, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 16:37. Herrera's account is all the more accurate as he had access to Spanish and Portuguese sources that are nowhere to be found today, not least Andrés de San Martín’s navigational notes and papers. Two ships remain: Victoria and Trinidad. File Name: Ferdinand Magellan Sb Ee Explorers And Exploration, Hash File: e27909f1f07ba3d71b25f179f91dca20.pdf. [92], The ships finally reached the Moluccas on November 8, when they reached the island of Tidore. The fate of Ginovés is unclear, with some accounts saying that he was thrown overboard, and others claiming that taunts from his fellow sailors drove him to commit suicide by jumping overboard.[35]. He raised them to the rank of Commander of the Order of Santiago. Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese in the service of the Spanish crown, was looking for a westward route to the to the Spice Islands of Indonesia.On March 16, 1521, Magellan's expedition landed on Homonhon island in the Philippines.He was the first European to reach the islands. Cartagena called on the other two Castilian captains (Quesada and Mendoza) to stab Magellan, but they held back. [74][75] For this act, Magellan called the island Isla de los Ladrones (Island of Thieves). When Victoria, the one surviving ship and the smallest carrack in the fleet, returned to the harbor of departure after completing the first circumnavigation of the Earth, only 18 men out of the original 270 men were on board. [33], Moreover, most of the men suffered from symptoms of scurvy, whose cause was not understood at the time. It cost 1,252,909 maravedis, almost as much as the cost of the ships. Magellan left Spain on 20 September 1519, sailed across the Atlantic, and discovered the strait that now bears his name, allowing him to pass through the southern tip of South America into the Pacific Ocean (which he named). They spent nearly two weeks on Homonhon, resting and gathering fresh food and water, before leaving on March 27. In the end, the fleet included about 40 Portuguese,[24] among them Magellan's brother-in-law Duarte Barbosa, João Serrão, Estêvão Gomes and Magellan's indentured servant Enrique of Malacca. The Magellan Expedition • Also known as “Magellan-delCano Circumnavigation” • The first voyage around the world in human history. Two men volunteered to set off on foot for St. Julian to get help. April 1 and 2: Mutiny on Victoria, Concepcion and San Antonio; death of Louis de Mendoza. The account of Pigafetta also enriched Philippine historiography because it contains, important details about the conditions of the Visayan Islands in the 16th century. Enrique had some secret communication with Humabon which caused him to betray the Spaniards. [49] On August 11, two weeks before the fleet left St. Julian, the two were taken to a small nearby island and left to die. By the third week of March, weather conditions had become so desperate that Magellan decided they should find a safe harbor in which to wait out the winter, and resume the search for a passage in spring.

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