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October 28, 2020

Maria Altmann, who escaped Nazi-occupied Vienna as a newlywed and returned to wage a triumphant fight to recover Gustav Klimt’s iconic gold portrait of … Stealing Klimt, released in 2007, features interviews with Altmann and others who were closely involved with the case from E. Randol Schoenberg to Hubertus Czernin. Lorenz Altmann 1743 - 1812. Maria Altmann. Spouse(s) Stephan Dullinger 1779 - 1841. She is noted for her ultimately successful legal campaign to reclaim from the Government of Austria five family-owned paintings by the artist Gustav Klimt which were stolen by the Nazis during World War II. The works included another later and finer portrait of Adele. By opening the archives of the Ministry of Culture for the first time, the new law enabled Austrian investigative journalist Hubertus Czernin to discover that, contrary to what had been generally assumed, Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer had never donated the paintings to the state museum.[5]. In any event, following the Nazi Anschluss of 1938 and Ferdinand's flight from Austria, the paintings were looted, initially falling into the hands of a Nazi lawyer. The family name was changed to Bloch-Bauer the following year. Her father, Gustav, and his wife, Therese, along with his brother Ferdinand and Ferdinand's wife, Adele, were close to the artists of the Vienna secession of which Klimt was a founder in 1897. However, we need to send rice-mone… Maria Altmann needs your support for Urban Colours Her inspirational life story unfolds her successful quest in reclaiming five of her family-owned paintings from government of Austria that were seized by the Nazis during Second World War. Before Adele died in 1925, she wrote a will requesting that her husband should bequeath their five Klimt paintings to the nation. The four additional works by Klimt were also exhibited at the Neue Gallerie for several weeks in 2006.[9]. Maria Altmann was born Maria Victoria Bloch on February 18, 1916 in Vienna, Austria, the daughter of Marie Therese (née Bauer 1874-1961) and Gustav Bloch. Frail, dark, beautiful, always with a headache. In 1937 she married Fritz Altmann, an opera singer, and the couple lived in Berlin. Her … His wife began selling cashmere sweaters from a shop in Beverly Hills, and was so successful that she turned it into a fashion shop and her husband joined her in the business. Maria Altmann: The Real Story Behind 'Woman in Gold' Learn about the Jewish refugee whose painting of her aunt was stolen by Nazis and inspired the … [4], Altmann became a naturalized American citizen in 1945. Josef Sailer 1758 - 1812. After the war, Altmann’s family tried to get its paintings back, but Austrian authorities claimed Adele’s will had granted them to Austria. The case, Republic of Austria v. Altmann, ended up in the Supreme Court of the United States, which ruled in 2004 that Austria was not immune from such a lawsuit. After this decision, Altmann and Austria agreed to binding arbitration by a panel of three Austrian judges. Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer died on 13 November 1945, soon after World War II, leaving his estate to a nephew and two nieces, one of whom was Maria Altmann. "Lauder Pays $135 Million, a Record, for a Klimt Portrait", "Maria Altmann, Pursuer of Family's Stolen Paintings, Dies at 94", "Six Klimt paintings – Maria Altmann and Austria — Centre du droit de l'art", Neue Galerie's announcement of the exhibition of all five of the works, "Maria Altmann Obituary – Maria Altmann Funeral – Legacy.com", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maria_Altmann&oldid=994467664, Jewish emigrants from Austria to the United States after the Anschluss, Burials at Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The recovery of five family-owned paintings by, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 21:33. Bloch-Bauer’s niece, Maria Altmann, filed a lawsuit in 2000 to recover the paintings from the Austrian government; the suit came before the Supreme Court in 2004 and was ultimately successful. Gustav Bloch-Bauer Mother of Karl (Charles) David Bloch-Bauer; Robert Bentley; Leopold Lionel Garrick Bentley; Maria Victoria Altmann and Baroness Luise Gutmann Sister of Raphael M Bauer; Eugen Bauer; Karl Bauer; David Ernst Bauer; Mira Bauer and 2 others; The oldest is a systems engineer at IBM and. Maria Altmann was a 21-year-old newlywed when the Gestapo seized her hus band, Fritz, and sent him to the Dachau concentration camp in an effort to force his brother to turn over a textile factory. Although the Austrian courts later reduced this amount to $350,000, this was still too much for Altmann, and she dropped her case in the Austrian court system. She was married to Friedrich Altmann. Daughter of Moritz Bauer and Jeanette Bauer Wife of Dr.jur. They made a harrowing escape, leaving behind their home, loved ones, and property, including jewelry that later found its way into the collection of Hermann Göring. Maria Altmann and her husband fled their homeland when the Nazi regime came to Austria and threatened their lives. They had 14 children: Maria Plantsch (born Altmann), Franz Altmann and 12 other children. (AP Photo/Nam Huh) Altmann, then living in Los Angeles, never thought she would actually gain control of her native country's most prized artistic possession. Altmann eventually settled in the … • Maria Viktoria Altmann… [5], Altmann's uncle, Czech sugar magnate Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer, owned a small collection of artwork by the Austrian master Gustav Klimt, including two portraits of his wife, Adele Bloch-Bauer. ... Born Marie Viktoria Bloch-Bauer in Vienna, she was the youngest of the five children of Therese Bauer and Gustav Bloch. Documents of Maria Altmann (born Haas) Mary Altmann 1884 Mary Altmann in 1920 United States Federal Census. Maria lives in St. Louis with her husband (whom she met at St. Louis Public Radio) and their two children. The case was fought against the background of the ongoing international movement to seek reparations for the Nazi plunder of art, which consists initially of listing all works with a provenance that ends abruptly between 1933 and 1945. Fredrick was released and the couple fled for their lives. "It didn't have to come to this," she said, more in sorrow than in anger. A year earlier, Adele Bloch-Bauer’s niece Maria had married Fritz Altmann, a handsome Polish-Jewish opera singer who was imprisoned at the Dachau concentration camp after … Adele's Wish, released in 2008 by filmmaker Terrence Turner, features interviews with Altmann, Schoenberg, and leading experts from around the world. All those years later, the lawyer who handled Altmann's case was E Randol Schoenberg, the composer's grandson. Remembering Maria Altmann, Holocaust Hero Who Won Back Klimt Paintings. fate took revenge: he was assigned to the apparel trade, installing many a system for my customers. When did Maria Altmann first seek to reclaim her family's paintings? Some art historians claim that if you compare the … Maria became the face of cashmere in California and eventually started her own clothing business. Altmann was not old enough at the time to remember Klimt's visits. Altmann is also portrayed in a memoir by her caregiver Gregor Collins, called The Accidental Caregiver: How I Met, Loved, and Lost Legendary Holocaust Refugee Maria Altmann. Historical Person Search Search Search Results Results Maria Altmann (1775 - Unknown) ... Maria Altmann married Stephan Dullinger and had 4 children. Among her clients was Caroline Brown Tracy, the mother of actor Spencer Tracy. She died on February 7, 2011 in Cheviot Hills, California, USA. [10][11], Altmann died on February 7, 2011 at her home in the Cheviot Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles, shortly before her 95th birthday. Her husband died in 1994. Maria Viktoria Bloch-Bauer was born to Gustav Bloch-Bauer and Therese Bauer on February 18, 1916, in Vienna, Austria. Her life story and battle to reclaim the family Klimt collection is recounted in the book The Lady in Gold, the Extraordinary Tale of Gustav Klimt's Masterpiece, Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer, by Anne-Marie O'Connor. In 1940 they moved to Los Angeles, where Fritz worked for the aircraft manufacturer Lockheed. Shortly after Maria arrived in Los Angeles, Bernhard Altmann mailed her a cashmere sweater – not yet available in the United States – accompanied with the note: "See what you can do with this." He died in 1945, and his will left his estate to the three children of his brother, including Maria Altmann, who had managed to sneak her husband out of Dachau and head to America. Born Maria Viktoria Bloch-Bauer in Vienna on Feb. 18, 1916, Altmann was the youngest of five children of Therese Bauer and Gustav Bloch. At 90 years of age, her victory over the obstinate Austrian government seemed to give Altmann more pleasure than either the paintings, which she had disposed of so quickly, or the fortune their sale had brought her. In 2006 Maria Altmann, who has died aged 94, won possession of five paintings by Gustav Klimt that had been seized by the Nazis in 1938. Maria Altmann, at her home in Los Angeles on Jan. 9, 2004, stands before a poor reproduction of famed Austrian painter Gustav Klimt's "The Portrait of Adele Bloch Bauer I." ... To Altmann, her Aunt Adele was a serious woman, one who had no use for children … The five Klimt paintings were sold for a total of $330.7m (£180m). Altmann is survived by her sons, Charles, James and Peter, a daughter, Margie, six grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. By this time, five of the paintings, Buchenwald (1903), Adele Bloch-Bauer I (1907), Schloss Kammer am Attersee III (1910), Adele Bloch-Bauer II (1912), Apfelbaum I (1912) and Häuser in Unterach am Attersee (1916), had made their way into the possession of the Austrian government. The proceeds were divided up among several heirs. ", The supreme irony is that when Klimt painted his so-called golden portrait of Adele, his style had hardened into a crass ersatz modernism, so the price it fetched for Altmann makes it the most expensive postcard in the world. Under Austrian law, however, the filing fee for such a lawsuit is determined as a percentage of the recoverable amount. Maria Altmann was born Maria Victoria Bloch on February 18, 1916 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, the daughter of Marie Therese (née Bauer 1874–1961) and Gustav Bloch (1862–1938). Maria Altmann was born Maria Victoria Bloch on February 18, 1916 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, the daughter of Marie Therese (née Bauer 1874–1961) and Gustav Bloch (1862–1938). It was then that Maria learned that her family's paintings had been stolen by the Nazis, not donated to the Austrian State Gallery by her aunt. Not long after their Paris honeymoon, the 1938 Anschluss incorporated Austria into Nazi Germany. In her will, Adele, who died in 1925, well before the rise of the Nazis, had asked her husband to leave the Klimts to the Austrian State Gallery upon his own death; a much-debated point in more recent years has been whether this request should or should not be considered legally binding upon her husband, who was himself the owner of the paintings. She was buried at burial place. If there was an affair, it was probably short-lived. Altmann is survived by her sons, Charles, James and Peter, a daughter, Margie, six grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. 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